Sorts of Hair: The best way to Type and Take care of Your Hair Kind

Your hair sort is based in your hair’s curl sample. The quantity of curl in your hair is set by your hair follicle. The form of your follicle determines whether or not your hair is:

The extra oval or asymmetrical your follicle is, the curlier your hair shall be.

Your hair sort is set by genetics.

You may alter your curl sample with warmth or chemical compounds, and your curl sample can modified considerably by hormones or drugs you’re taking, however your primary curl sample is in your DNA.

Each time your hair goes by way of its development cycle, these genetic traits are reasserted.

Andre Walker, recognized for many years as Oprah Winfrey’s stylist, is credited with devising a system that classifies hair based on one in every of 4 curl patterns:

These varieties are additional divided into subcategories primarily based on the tightness or looseness of the curls and coils. It might sound easy, however like most makes an attempt to outline human traits, it isn’t.

You may have sort 4C at your crown and 4A at your temples. Your hair might be straight on the root and wavy on the ends. The bottom line is to know what every sort wants so you’ll be able to model it properly and preserve it wholesome.

Kind 1: Straight

Kind 1 hair has no pure curl. The person strands could also be nice or coarse, thick or skinny, however they fall with out waving from root to tip.

Kind 1 hair tends to develop into oily, so many stylists suggest that you simply verify the label to make certain the product you’re shopping for isn’t going so as to add further oil to your hair.

Stylist Kristi Lovelace additionally suggests avoiding heavy serums or butters. “With straight or nice hair, I’d suggest texture sprays as a substitute. Dry shampoos are additionally a good suggestion,” she stated.

Washing your hair too typically could cause your scalp to overproduce oils, so dry shampoo is a boon for folks with straight, oily hair.

Lovelace says most ladies come into salons with Instagram or Pinterest images of the model they need.

“I often suggest types primarily based extra on face form than on hair sort,” she stated. “One model that’s actually widespread proper now could be a chin-length blunt reduce, which works very well with straight hair.”

Kind 2: Wavy hair

Kind 2A

The pure state of sort 2 hair is a delicate, tousled texture. From the roots to round eye stage, your hair is pretty straight. And from eye stage to the ends, you’ve got a unfastened, undefined wave.

To maintain from flattening out that wave, keep away from oil-based or creamy merchandise. As an alternative, stylists suggest that you simply increase the bottom with a light-weight mousse or use a gel to outline these waves.

Kind 2B

As with 2A, sort 2B hair curls from the midpoint to the ends. The curls have a extra outlined S form. It might require a bit of extra effort to straighten, but it surely’s straightforward to create that beachy look with a spritz of salt spray.

Kind 2B is right for the balayage development, the place stylists hand-paint coloration on the outer layer of hair.

“When folks are available in with photos of balayage,” Lovelace stated, “the photograph is all the time going to indicate wavy hair as a result of when that hair curls round, it’s getting dimension from the again facet. Individuals with wavy hair don’t should exit of their strategy to model this look.”

Kind 2C

Essentially the most well-defined S-shaped waves are sort 2C. The wave sample might start near the crown and tumble downward. Kind 2C hair is commonly thick and might be vulnerable to frizz in damp climate.

Lovelace recommends utilizing a diffuser, a toothy devise that snaps onto the top of your blow dryer and helps eradicate the frizz.

“I’m an enormous advocate for merchandise, particularly the place you’ve obtained environmental components like onerous water and salt water,” Lovelace stated. “Anti-humidity merchandise are big.”

Individuals with 2C hair could also be pissed off with alternating between every day straightening, which might harm hair, and looking for methods to reinforce and management their waves. The excellent news is that many light-weight mousses now comprise anti-humidity substances together with moisture.

Kind 3: Curly

Kind 3A

With sort 3A hair, S-shaped curls type unfastened loops. The curls have a circumference a bit of wider than the massive finish of a taper candle. One essential styling observe: Brushing this sort of hair can wreck curl definition and result in a frizzy mane.

Silvana Castillo, grasp stylist and founding father of The Curl Whisperer, a Miami salon specializing in hair varieties 3 and 4, recommends types and merchandise that outline pure curl. Her greatest recommendation? Lose the ponytail.

“It’s OK when you’re on the way in which to the fitness center,” Castillo stated, “or if it’s required for work. However pulling your hair again right into a ponytail causes curls to lose their formation. And when you preserve pulling your hair again right into a bun or ponytail, additionally, you will begin to see thinning and hair loss at your hairline.”

That hair loss occurs as a result of the burden of the ponytail pulls in opposition to the entrance of the hair for extended intervals.

Kind 3B

Kind 3B curls have a circumference about as huge because the barrel of a Sharpie marker. Curls spring from the roots and have ample quantity. To take care of their attribute spiral form, these ringlets typically want moisture.

Keep away from silicone and sulfates in your curl merchandise, although. They might briefly tame frizz, however they will dry hair over time and result in breakage.

Kind 3C

These curls are tight and springy — they might coil completely round a ingesting straw. To protect the definition in these corkscrew curls, take a hands-on method.

As an alternative of combing, which might result in frizz and breakage, use a leave-in conditioner and rake by way of moist hair together with your fingertips. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends that you simply air-dry as a substitute of utilizing a blow dryer.

Kind 4: Coils

Kind 4A

The curl sample for 4A hair is an S-shaped coil you could possibly wrap round a chopstick.

“Kind 4 hair is probably the most delicate hair sort,” Castillo stated. “You need to be very light with it, and it wants loads of moisture.” However getting moisture doesn’t essentially imply utilizing oils. Deep conditioning masques, butters, and lotions are good choices for preserving hair well being.

“We suggest that folks put on it unfastened in wash-and-go types,” she stated.

One factor The Curl Whisperer salon doesn’t advocate for is protecting types like weaves and braids.

Although some stylists swear by types that will let you tuck away fragile ends to guard them whereas they develop out, Castillo says these types typically do extra hurt than good. Whereas the hair is out of sight, it’s additionally out of attain for conditioning therapies.

“When you’ve got had your hair in a protecting model for weeks, the curl formation is totally gone. The cuticle is so dry and open that it turns into like little fish hooks that catch on one another and break once you take out the braids,” Castillo stated.

Higher to put on it in a method that permits you to preserve moisturizing.

Kind 4B

The curls in 4B hair zig-zag. One widespread method for outlining and accentuating your curls is shingling.

Shingling begins with moist hair. Gently detangle together with your fingertips, utilizing liberal quantities of leave-in conditioner to moisturize and situation. Then separate your hair into 4 sections.

Work curling cream or gel down the size of every curl, twisting the strands round your index finger as you go.

Kind 4C

Kind 4C coils are the tightest and most fragile. It’s very easy to interrupt them when you comb roughly or too typically, and it’s important to steadily nourish the hair with wealthy conditioners.

Coconut oils are nonetheless widespread, as are shea butter lotions. Extra persons are ditching shampoo for co-washing, or rinsing the hair with conditioners as a substitute.

By way of model, 4C hair is having a second.

“What we’re seeing is the youthful technology desires their hair to be daring,” Castillo stated. “They need the hair to be massive and spherical, virtually like a solar. They usually need to experiment with enjoyable colours — all the time holding in thoughts the well being of the hair.”


When hair professionals speak about porosity, they imply your hair’s means to absorb moisture. In case your hair is very porous, it has loads of holes in its floor layer, referred to as the cuticle.

You might have naturally porous hair, or chemical and warmth processing might have made your hair extra porous than it usually can be.

These holes within the cuticle permit your hair to soak up extra moisture. If the local weather the place you reside is humid, your hair might are likely to frizz. That’s as a result of the cuticle is drawing moisture from the air.

The excellent news is that porous hair additionally absorbs moisturizing merchandise properly. A variety of merchandise, from leave-in conditioners to wealthy butters, can seal the holes and make your hair simpler to handle.

Hair that’s much less porous is tightly locked and tends to withstand moisture, whether or not that’s environmental humidity or chemical processing.

To keep away from product buildup that might overwhelm and uninteresting your hair, wash with a clarifying shampoo weekly and select lighter merchandise, like hair milks and mousses, to create quantity.

Chances are you’ll discover that merchandise work higher when you use a blow dryer. The warmth can open up the tight cuticle and permit moisture to seep in.


Hair density refers back to the variety of hairs in your head. In case you can’t see your scalp clearly, you most likely have dense hair. In case you can see your scalp even with out parting your hair, you most likely have low hair density.

Your hair’s density might be affected by quite a few components, together with stress, hormones throughout being pregnant or menopause, and diet.

It’s a good suggestion to take inventory of the merchandise you’re utilizing in case your hair density has modified.

Heavy merchandise can flatten low density hair. Search for texture sprays and light-weight mousses so as to add quantity and raise. Excessive density hair can profit from thicker lotions and butters so as to add shine and management.

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